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İnebolu is a town and district of the Kastamonu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is 590 km (367 mi) from Istanbul by road and 89 km (55 mi) north of Kastamonu. It is a typical Black Sea port town with many fine examples of traditional domestic architecture. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 26,848 of which 9,486 live in the town of İnebolu.[3][4] The district covers an area of 302 km2(117 sq mi),[5] and the town lies at an elevation of 120 m (394 ft).


See Aboniteichos/Ionopolis for Ancient and ecclesiastical history

The exact founding date of İnebolu is unknown. İnebolu was initially called Aboniteichos. The name was changed to Ionopolis in the middle of the 2nd century CE. Over time, the name "Ionopolis" metamorphosed to "Inepolis", and then to "İnebolu."

By 1834, İnebolu was considered a sub-district of today's city of Kure (approx. 30 km (19 mi) inland), but it became a district in its own right in 1867. In the late 19th and early 20th century, İnebolu was part of theKastamonu Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.

During the Turkish War of Independence, arms and ammunition were transferred to Anatolia through İnebolu. The town was attacked and defended itself with determination, for which it was honoured with the Independence Medal by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.

Atatürk initiated a campaign in İnebolu to reform personal appearance and "civilize" garments; Atatürk made a well-known speech about hats there.

As of 1920, İnebolu was populated mainly by Turks, and was estimated at having a population of around 9,000.[6] The port exported mohair, animal hide, wool, and hemp. They imported mainly manufactured products.[7]

In accordance with the population exchange between Greece and Turkey in 1923, the town's Greek inhabitants were exiled to Greece. Many of these emigrants settled in a neighborhood called Inepolis in the Atheniansuburb of Nea Ionia.